Sunday, January 12, 2020
I. Paragraph One: Introduction Topic/issue: external intervention by the international committee and world powers like the United States into the national affairs of warring nations is essential for domestic conflict resolution. Opposing view: Warring nations should be responsible for their own domestic conflicts and find ways to resolve them. Others nations should limit their intervention to just the mediation of peace talks. WriterÃ¢â¬â¢s view:External military and diplomatic intervention has been the key to solving major civil conflicts and preventing possible genocides in countries such as sierra Leone and Libya while people in countries such as Rwanda and currently in Syria endure the worst because of the blind eye or unwillingness to react to atrocities against humanity by the international community. Problem: Key terms: Intervention atrocities genocide mediation II. Paragraph Two: Summary of the Opposing ViewÃ¢â¬â¢s PositionMain point A: Each nation must be self-responsibl e for their domestic conflict and find ways to resolve it. Main point B: The cost incurred in the form of lost military lives and equipment on the intervening nations is mostly too much. The cost of funding these wars can easily get out of hands as conflicts tend to last longer than mostly anticipated. Main point C: III. Paragraph Three: Statement of Validity (Why their view must be valid, IV.Paragraph Four: Summary of the WriterÃ¢â¬â¢s Position Main point A: Innocent civilians in Nations such as Liberia and Sierra Leone endured decades of war. Only after massive intervention by the international committee were these conflicts resolved. The same can be said for Libya and currently in DR. Congo. Main point B: However, the same cannot be said for countries such Rwanda or Bosnia where modern genocide occurred under the watch of the international committee. Main point C:Despite all the daily reports and evidence coming from Syria, the international community is still undecided on whic h course of action to take to alleviate the pain and suffering of the innocent civilians. V. Paragraph Five: Statement of Validity Context or specific circumstance(s) in which this view may be considered valid: even though it is best to allow domestic conflicts to be self-resolved it is also in the interest of humanity that the international committee and nations such as the United States periodically intervene in conflicts that gets out of hand.VI. Paragraph Six: Statement of Benefit(s) Even though it is right that domestic conflicts are best solved nationally, it is in the interest of the innocent and oppressed that the international committee intervenes to enforce these solutions. VII. Paragraph Seven: Conclusion Summary: The international committee should intervene in escalating domestic conflicts to help in resolving. Common ground: Compromise: Proposed solution: Positive, hopeful statement: (Relate to how SL. Spent yrs negotiating till intervention. )
Saturday, January 4, 2020
Nannie Helen Burroughs founded what was at the time the largest black womenÃ¢â¬â¢s organization in the United States and, with the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s sponsorship, founded a school for girls and women. She was a strong advocate for racial pride.Ã Educator and activist, she lived fromÃ May 2, 1879, to May 20, 1961.Ã Background and Family Nannie Burroughs was born in north-central Virginia, in Orange, located in the Piedmont region. Her father, John Burroughs, was a farmer who was also a Baptist preacher.Ã When Nannie was only four, her mother took her to live in Washington, DC, where her mother, Jennie Poindexter Burroughs, worked as a cook. Education Burroughs graduated with honors from the Colored High School in Washington, DC, in 1896. She had studied business and domestic science.Ã Because of her race, she could not get a job in the DC schools or the federal government.Ã She went to work in Philadelphia as a secretary for the National Baptist ConventionÃ¢â¬â¢s paper, the Christian Banner, working for the Rev. Lewis Jordan.Ã She moved from that position to one with the Foreign Mission Board of the convention. When the organization moved to Louisville, Kentucky, in 1900, she moved there. Womans Convention In 1900 she was part of founding the WomanÃ¢â¬â¢s Convention, a womenÃ¢â¬â¢s auxiliary of the National Baptist Convention, focused on service work at home and abroad. She had given a talk at the 1900 annual meeting of the NBC, Ã¢â¬Å"How Sisters Are Hindered From Helping,Ã¢â¬ which had helped inspire the founding of the womenÃ¢â¬â¢s organization. She was the corresponding secretary of the WomanÃ¢â¬â¢s Convention for 48 years, and in that position, helped recruit a membership which, by 1907, was 1.5 million, organized within local churches, districts, and states.Ã In 1905, at the First Baptist World Alliance meeting in London, she delivered a speech called Ã¢â¬Å"WomenÃ¢â¬â¢s Part in the WorldÃ¢â¬â¢s Work.Ã¢â¬ In 1912, she began a magazine called the Worker for those doing missionary work.Ã It died out and then the womenÃ¢â¬â¢s auxiliary of the Southern Baptist ConventionÃ¢â¬âa white organizationÃ¢â¬âhelped bring it back in 1934. National School for Women and Girls In 1909, Nannie BurroughsÃ¢â¬â¢ proposal to have the WomanÃ¢â¬â¢s Convention of the National Baptist Convention found a school for girls came to fruition.Ã The National Training School for Women and Girls opened in Washington, DC, in Lincoln Heights.Ã Burroughs moved to DC to be president of the school, a position in which she served until she died.Ã The money was raised primarily from black women, with some help from a white womenÃ¢â¬â¢s Baptist mission society. The school, though sponsored by the Baptist organizations, chose to remain open to women and girls of any religious faith, and did not include the word Baptist in its title.Ã But it did have a strong religious foundation, with BurroughÃ¢â¬â¢s self-help Ã¢â¬Å"creedÃ¢â¬ stressing the three Bs, Bible, bath, and broom: Ã¢â¬Å"clean life, clean body, clean house.Ã¢â¬ The school included both a seminary and a trade school. The seminary ran from seventh grade through high school and then into a two-year junior college and a two-year normal school to train teachers. While the school stressed a future of employment as maids and laundry workers, the girls and women were expected to become strong, independent and pious, financially self-sufficient, and proud of their black heritage. A Ã¢â¬Å"Negro HistoryÃ¢â¬ course was required. The school found itself in conflict over control of the school with the National Convention, and the National Convention removed its support. The school temporarily closed from 1935 to 1938 for financial reasons. In 1938, the National Convention, having gone through its own internal divisions in 1915, broke with the school and urged the womenÃ¢â¬â¢s convention to do so, but the womenÃ¢â¬â¢s organization disagreed. The National Convention then tried to remove Burroughs from her position with the WomanÃ¢â¬â¢s Convention.Ã The school made the WomanÃ¢â¬â¢s Convention owner of its property and, after a fund-raising campaign, reopened.Ã In 1947 the National Baptist Convention formally supported the school again. And in 1948, Burroughs was elected as president, having served as corresponding secretary since 1900. Other Activities Burroughs helped to found the National Association of Colored Women (NACW) in 1896. Burroughs spoke against lynching and for civil rights, leading to her being placed on a U.S. government watch list in 1917.Ã She chaired the National Association of Colored WomenÃ¢â¬â¢s Anti-Lynching Committee and was a regional president of the NACW. She denounced President Woodrow Wilson for not dealing with lynching. Burroughs supported womenÃ¢â¬â¢s suffrage and saw the vote for black women as essential for their freedom from both racial and sex discrimination. Burroughs was active in the NAACP, serving in the 1940s as a vice president. She also organized the school to make the home of Frederick Douglass into a memorial for that leaderÃ¢â¬â¢s life and work. Burroughs was active in the Republican Party, the party of Abraham Lincoln, for many years. She helped found the National League of Republican Colored Women in 1924, and often traveled to speak for the Republican Party. Herbert Hoover appointed her in 1932 to report on housing for African Americans. She remained active in the Republican Party during the Roosevelt years when many African Americans were changing their allegiance, at least in the North, to the Democratic Party. Burroughs died in Washington, DC, in May, 1961. Legacy The school which Nannie Helen Burroughs had founded and led for so many years renamed itself for her in 1964.Ã The school was named a National Historic Landmark in 1991.
Friday, December 27, 2019
For most of his life, Abraham Lincoln abhorred slavery. He did not believe in the expansion of slavery, this coincided with his personal values, and the idea the forefathers held, that slavery would eventually end. However, he believed that the institution of slavery should be allowed where it already existed. In fact, during his early presidency he enforced pro-slavery laws to uphold what was already in the constitution. Though he was explicit in his plans to not interfere with slavery, southern states tried to secede in fear. The Civil war led Lincoln to adopt his personal views on slavery as a political maneuver to save the North in the war. Starting in 1854, however, after the Kansas Nebraska Act, Lincoln spoke against the expansion of slavery. He questioned why it was the black man who was enslaved and said that the free man is to beÃ¢â¬ [en]slave[d] to the first man [he] meet[s], with an intellect superior to [his] ownÃ¢â¬ . Abraham Lincoln worried for the the nation growing apart because of slavery and the stubborn stance of slave states to wean themselves off of their peculiar institution, Lincoln predicted that there would be no, Ã¢â¬Å"peaceful extinction of slavery in prospect for us. Although Abraham Lincoln expressed his hatred of slavery, his personal views and his political views differed. He believed that slavery was a matter for the states and could not be impacted by any federal actions, because of the constitution. He spoke against the expansionShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of The Of A Salesman And Millers And Williams Plays1102 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesmodernistic agenda is to show what it takes to achieve the American Dream. Willy Loman fiercely believes that anyone attractive and well liked can be successful in life. Ã¢â¬Å" The man who makes an appearance in the business world, the man who creates personal interest is the man who gets ahead. 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That the 16th president eventually achieved the abolitionists most cherished dream, says biographer Allen Guelzo, happened through a curious combination of political maneuvering, personal conviction, and commitment to constitutional principle. One of the ironies of the Civil War era and the end of slaveryRead MoreModern Society Is Far From Perfect, And Even Further From1618 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesModern society is far from perfect, and even further from fair. This reality is perhaps why the portrayal of utopian worlds has captivated audiences for decades. This essay will attempt to examine the ways in which the concept of utopia has been portrayed on screen, notably within the genre of science fiction (SF). Prior to critically evaluating its links to film, we should start by defining utopia. Utopia is about how we would live and what kind of world we would live in if we could do just thatRead MoreIt Goes Largely Undiscussed That The Declaration Of Independence1309 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesalterations between JeffersonÃ¢â¬â¢s draft and the declaration approved by Congress. Sidney Kaplan and Willliam Penack explore and possibly explain the academic clues of why the Declaration became finalized in such a manner, what significance the changes made in early and modern American history. Sidney KaplanÃ¢â¬â¢s article focuses on an analyzation of the difference between JeffersonÃ¢â¬â¢s original and the congressional approved copy Declaration of Independence. Kaplan takes special interest in why Congress feltRead MoreEssay on The American Civil War was Unavoidable2135 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pageslegislation of their own for the purpose of maintaining the status quo. According to Rourk, and his colleagues, Ã¢â¬Å"the Fugitive Slave Act proved to be the most explosive of the compromise measuresÃ¢â¬ (Rourk, et. al., 2009, p.481). This was because Northerners viewed it as an attempt to expand slavery beyond the South and to compel their participation in maintaining slavery, even if it defied their religious or personal morals. While Southerners may have believed that the law was justified, as it dealt withRead MoreThe Long History Of Summer Camp1901 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesmasculine character as well.Ã¢â¬ This applied specifically for boys, but camps for girls first appeared in 1902 with the opening of Camp Kehonka, in reflection of the changing attitudes with reference to the role of women in society. 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Thursday, December 19, 2019
As a project manager I will often get calls from my vice president to do variance reports. Variance Reports is way that executives will watch their companyÃ¢â¬â¢s performance by comparing one set of numbers to another. The two set of numbers they will be looking at are the set amount they want to spend and the actual amount that is being spent. These reports are used to analyze how close theyÃ¢â¬â¢ve come to hitting forecasted sales targets. Also if we are meeting budgetary goals; when sitting at my desk writing this report there are three main topics I must address and they are trends, overspending and underspending(What are the factors to consider in creating a Variance Report in Management Reporter? 2016). For example if there employees salary are higher and there were lower supplies because of the flu going around or a several virus going around. The employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s salary might be higher because they had to have over time due to be short staffed and we had to c all people in. We had no choice but to call in extra people and to get our doctors to stay in over time. While trying to get the flu and virus so thatÃ¢â¬â¢s why we had to use so many antibiotics and different supplies used. Vice president would want a report written to explain what happen, and the interpretation of what happen. These three items are what the executive mainly is looking for. Most companies must look at the trends carefully now especially because it is hard economic times. If there is a constantShow MoreRelatedEvaluation Of A Project Manager1329 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAssignment-1 1) A project manager is the individual who has the general obligation regarding the fruitful start, arranging, outline, execution, checking, controlling and conclusion of a task. The occupation title is utilized as a part of development, petrochemical, building design, data innovation and various commercial ventures that deliver items and administrations. The project manager must have a mix of aptitudes including a capacity to ask infiltrating questions, distinguish implicit presumptionsRead MoreEvaluation Of A Project Manager Management1251 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesfor windows and lighting provided a practical experience to the coursework in estimation. Master schedule, daily, weekly and monthly forecasts for a project was covered by scheduling and also the various processes that go into making the schedule more efficient like crashing were observed on site as well as from the perspective of a project manager. During the course of work, a proposal for standardizing the processes like m aterial management on site, preparing punch lists and work force managementRead MoreImplementation Of The Personnel Section1260 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages 6. Personnel The purpose of the personnel section is to ensure the project has sufficient and suitable staff with the right skills and experience to ensure successful project completion. 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Also, the benefits of using the mentioned methods will improve innovation, the use of resources, risk management, and making the right decision which all needed in order to take the organization to the next level and keep the business stay ahead of the competition. The main issue is Ã¢â¬Å"what is theRead MoreSdlc And Change Management Policy. The Following Outlines1446 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesDEFINITIONS: Ã¢â¬ ¢ CIO Ã¢â¬â Chief Information Officer Ã¢â¬ ¢ SDLC - Systems Development Life Cycle Ã¢â¬ ¢ VAR Ã¢â¬â Value Added Re-seller PROCEDURES: A. REQUESTS: Requests for all system development work, including break/fix, continuous improvements, data scripts, and projects will be documented in an approved Help Desk Management System. 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Wednesday, December 11, 2019
Xscape Hummin Hummin Comin at Cha is A+ material from the four female-member group, Xscape from Atlanta, founded by Jermaine Dupri (of Kris Kross). This debut album is one you must keep within arms reach. Xscape has sounds that are reminiscent of SWV but much different. Their look: T=tough. Their apparel includes items such as U.S. Navy overalls, combat boots, and dogtags. If you happen to see the album cover, you will see no smiles, just four serious tough-looking young women. And can they sing. The album is filled with a mixture of soft, serious ballads such as Understanding and the delightful a cappella Tonight, which proves their singing ability and how Shai would sound if they were women. The rest of the album is filled with catchy, upbeat dance tunes such as With You and Love on my Mind which explain their yearning for commitment, love, and affection. We will write a custom essay sample on Hummin or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page There are two versions of their smash hit, Just Kickin It which both start and end the album. The beat of the remix is provided by the Staple Singers Lets Do It Again. Xscape definitely has potential to stand out in the ever-running list of female groups on the rise now, and in the future. . Review by L. M., Russell, MA
Tuesday, December 3, 2019
This exercise is about offer and acceptance. John, a homeowner, answers the telephone and listens to a solicitor make a five- minute sales pitch for Weed Gardening Services. John responds, No, thank you, and hangs up. Two days later, John returns home from work to find a crew gardening in his yard and a bill for $200 sitting on the porch. When John tells the Weed representative that he never asked for this service, Weed responds by saying, It looks much better, doesnt it? You got the service, now pay for it. John agrees that the work was of good quality, but refuses to pay for it. He is later served with a summons to appear in magistrate court because of this dispute. How should the Judge rule? A. For Weed Gardening Services, because Weed performed good quality services for John. B. For John, because he did not accept Weeds offer. We will write a custom essay sample on Law of contract or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Yes, the correct answer is B. John never accepted Weeds offer. Without acceptance, no contract was formed. John does not have to pay for the yard work, regardless of quality. EXERCISE 2: This exercise is about offer and acceptance. Harry drops by Macks house and finds him working on his old pickup truck in the driveway. Mack kicks the truck and exclaims to Harry, This piece of Junk isnt worth a tank of gas you can have it. Harry says thanks and the next day comes by with his SUVto tow away the pickup. Mack stops him and says the truck is working now. Harry goes to court and claims that the truck Mack promised him was worth $500 and Mack should pay him that amount. How should the Judge rule? A. For Mack, because there was no consideration for the transaction. Yes, the correct answer is A. Mack offered the truck to Harry, and Harry indicated his acceptance by saying thanks and attempting to tow the truck away. But Harry did not provide any consideration in return for the truck. Without consideration, no contract was created. B. For Harry, because Mack promised him the pickup truck, and that created a contract. C. For Mack, because Harry never accepted his offer.
Wednesday, November 27, 2019
Introduction Terrorism is the most immediate and significant threat to international security and peace. By definition, terrorism refers to the use of extreme violence by non-state actors against civilians or society for political and ideological goals. Although terrorism is not a new phenomenon, it has become increasingly common in the last two decades where it has led to deaths of thousands of innocent civilians across the world.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on The Rise of Extremist Groups, Disparity and Poverty specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Despite the negative consequences that terrorists have posed to the society, the fight against the vice has become more difficult with time, especially in the light of the increasing support for the violent actions against civilians from extremist groups. Extremist groups use radicalization to amass support for their activities. This strategy has become a very c ommon and real problem, which has led to people being radicalized into violent extremism (RVE) . However, the force that drives groups and societies vulnerable to radicalization into violent extremism has been a major issue in the quest for finding a solution to this growing problem. Looking at many programs and projects that are aimed at reducing extremism and radicalization, the use of financial aids and other programs for alleviating the lives of people where extremism is common is a major theme. Such an approach is a clear indication of the prevailing perception of the relationship between poverty, disparity, and extremism. This paper investigates the successful rise of extremist groups and their link to poverty and disparity. The Consensus Relating to Extremist Groups and Extremism What causes extremism? What motivates people to join extremist groups? Such questions have been at the center of efforts that have been put towards curbing extremism and extremist groups in the quest for making the world a better and more peaceful place. The questions are indeed set for a good reason, especially with reference to the ongoing proliferation of extremist terrorist groups across the world. Since 2010, there has been a 53% rise in the number of terrorist groups and militias across the world. According to White and Halm (2002), the groupÃ¢â¬â¢s main agenda is to attack civilians and government installations in an outright hatred for the current leadership or international actors such as the United States and its allies who have been accused of harassing or committing other crimes against the communities where these extremist groups exist . For instance, the Al-Qaeda group, which is one of the well-known extremist and terrorist groups, has a deep hatred for the United States, which it accuses of infringing on the rights of Muslims. According to the group, the US should be attacked and exposed to extreme violence.Advertising Looking for research paper on politic al sciences? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The extremist groups claim that such actions are aimed at ensuring that they (the groups) can be left alone to establish their governance in the areas that they control. The actions are also meant to keep away the international actors such as the US from interfering.Ã In the last 10 years, the effects of extremist groups have been felt across the world, especially in the Middle East and North Africa region. Following the Arab Uprising in the Arab world, many governments have been destabilized to the extent of leading to serious problems and challenges in terms of delivering services to the members of the society . Without stability and strong governance from the central governments, it is difficult for the government to provide an environment where businesses can thrive. This situation leads to an increase in unemployment and poverty among other societal problems.Ã From the above ana lysis, extremism and terrorism have become a serious international security agenda. In the quest for reducing the effects and reach of terrorism, the US and other international players have dedicated billions of dollars to providing relief aid that is aimed at increasing education and the economic status of communities that are viewed as vulnerable to such extremist ideologies. The perceptions of these efforts by the US and its allies are that poverty and marginalization are key factors that make people, especially the youths, vulnerable to extremism. However, so far, little has been achieved. More extremist groups are sprouting or expanding to the level of coming up with new approaches to violence (White Halm, 2002). This situation is a cause for worry concerning the future of international security. The Link between Poverty and Extremism Poverty relates to the lack and inadequacy of material possessions to enable a decent livelihood for people. More than 1.2 billion people in the world live below the poverty line. They survive on less than a dollar while approximately half of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s population lives on less than 2 dollars a day . Poverty levels are increasing by the day. The situation has caused many communities, and most importantly youths, who are finding the effects of poverty unbearable, and hence the reason why they have opted for new ways of making a living. It is also important to note that violence and lawlessness are majorly found in impoverished nations and/or marginalized communities and hence the reason why poverty and its linkage to violence and lawlessness has been a subject of growing research. Researches have led to different outcomes and recommendations that relate to the main factors that make people vulnerable to extremism and terrorist ideologies.Ã A research by Tessler and Robbins (2007) scrutinizes the link between discrete financial features and support for violence.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on The Rise of Extremist Groups, Disparity and Poverty specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The study confirms, Ã¢â¬Å"Neither personal nor societal economic circumstances are crucial factors that determine attitudes towards terrorism that is directed towards the United States and other nationsÃ¢â¬ (Tessler Robbins, 2007, p. 323). Another research by Shafiq and Sinno (2010) used Pews Global Attitudes Survey (GATS) data from 2005. The study found that the relationship between income, education, and support for suicide bombing varies from one country to another and from one target to another. Another study by Chiozza (2011), which involved close to 15 Islamic countries, realized that the backing of Islamist radicalism was at the peak among the metropolitan underprivileged class. From these researches, it is important to conclude that low-income people or poor individuals are more likely to support violent extremist groups compare d to those who have a higher income. A good example is the support for Al-Qaeda in Afghanistan and Pakistan where it is evident that poverty has played a major role in amassing support from youths and local populations, which have been left in poverty with minimal access to government services and development. While support for terrorist groups and their violent activities may vary from one territory to another or a nation to another, such support is majorly determined by two characteristics, namely poverty and inequality. These two factors are all centered on the economic and political discrimination that has become unbearable in the marginalized communities. According to Tessler and Robbins (2007), economic discrimination against minority groups can reveal why such underprivileged communities often support domestic extremist groups . Such individuals or minority groups often support the extremist groups since the groupÃ¢â¬â¢s ideologies resonate with the plight of those who are disappointed by domestic politics of economic marginalization. The ideologies also offer an attentive option of economic freedom or means of achieving various policy goals that they deem impossible to achieve unless the follow the approaches that the extremist groups suggest . In this case, even when an individual is not personally experiencing poverty (but he or she can witness it among other members of the society), he or she may end up being persuaded to support the extremist groupÃ¢â¬â¢s ideologies of violence and terror to push for change . Indeed, this notion is an important explanation of why more youths, even from the rich countries, are leaving their affluent lives to take arms in support of terror activities, especially in Syria, through the Islamic State of Iraq and Levant (ISIL) or in Somalia through the Al-Shabaab terrorist group.Advertising Looking for research paper on political sciences? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Marginalization and Extremism For a very long time, many Islamic nations in the Middle East and North Africa have been ruled through dictatorship where people in key government activities have had very limited freedom of expression. Such leadership has allowed the growth of dissidence, especially from the educated class and the youths who feel that there is a need for a change in governance to give people more say concerning the way they are governed . The Arab Spring is an important indicator of the end of peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s tolerance for such leadership, which only benefits the elite while marginalizing and oppressing the majority of those who are led. Beginning in 2010 in Tunisia, the Ã¢â¬ËSpringÃ¢â¬â¢ or what can been viewed as a revolution saw many civilians take into streets in protests, which were both violent and non-violent, requesting changes in leadership and governance in favor of democracy and democratic leadership . Countries such as Libya are characterized by prosper ity in terms of income and living standards. However, the lack of other benefits such as the freedom of expression and the right to partake in decisions relating to leadership was enough motivation for bringing civilians together to demand the ousting of the leadership of the day, which was seen as a great hindrance to what the society wanted. By the end of the movement, the Arab world has experienced enormous changes in leadership and democratic process, which although have been slow to take root, are a clear sign of what can motivate people into supporting extremist groups . A good example is Egypt. Despite the enactment of the preferred government led by Morsi, the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s adoption of even more strict Sharia law, which was not in line with what the society expected, led to a new revolution and consequently the ousting of Morsi. It was evident that the society was willing to go to the greatest depths to support even the extreme groups as long as dictatorial and marginaliz ing leadership was the devil that was being fought. Another important example of the way marginalization or inequality is a major reason why groups support terrorism can be obtained from the case of SomaliaÃ¢â¬â¢s extremist group, which has launched many and often-disastrous attacks on countries it deems enemy such as Kenya, Uganda, and Ethiopia. Since the African UnionÃ¢â¬â¢s AMISOM forces, which have a majority membership from the Kenya Defense Forces, Ethiopia, and Uganda entered the lawless country of Somalia to flush out the terrorist group, there has been an increasing wave of radicalization and extremism across the region . Kenyan youths form the major culprit who has become an easy target for radicalization. The youths are being turned into enemies of their nations. Indeed, the Kenyan government has been grappling with the challenges that the Al-Shabaab outfit poses, especially in terms of the radicalization of the young people. The genesis of this problem can be traced to the marginalization of youths who are growing up and becoming adults without any meaningful means of earning a living .Ã In this case, even the youths may not believe in the ideologies that are posed by the terrorist groups. The opportunity of making a living with very attractive packages of salary makes it very easy to radicalize such youths .Ã What options do they have when the choice is between poverty and prosperity even if the cost of joining the terrorist group means taking up arms and killing innocent people? The case of Al-Shabaab and its radicalization of youths across East Africa can be witnessed in other regions of the world where terrorism is thriving. This situation can solely be pinned to poverty and marginalization. Discussion From the above review of studies, it is evident that the rise of extremist groups can be greatly attributed to many factors. However, poverty and disparity play the biggest role. For a long time, many governments in areas where terrorist groups thrive have ignored the plight of their people. They have focused on only the welfare of the elite while exposing many people to poverty and helplessness. This situation has led to resentment and great hatred towards those who are viewed as being the main cause of such societal problems. Firstly, poverty makes living difficult and almost impossible to bear. When the government is not doing enough to provide the people with opportunities for making a living, it slowly loses its authority of such people. Hence, they slowly opt to carry out all possible activities to make a living . When youths are growing up without an idea of what they can make of themselves, the situation leaves many questions on the people concerning the legitimacy of the government of the day if it cannot address the obvious challenges that the society is facing. The presence of poverty provides extremist groups the best launch pad for success in the activities and their reach in two main ways. The extremi st groups understand the problems the people are undergoing. Hence, they can easily convince them on who deserves to be the enemy, in this case, the government of the day or any other group such as international actors, including the US among others. When the enemy is identified, actions that are necessary for eliminating the enemy mostly include violence (Bjorgo Horgan, 2009; Shafiq Sinno, 2010). Such actions become very viable. For instance, providing security and a means of earning a living are major motivators for many militants who join the group. Many terrorist groups have financiers or financial activities that ensure that they can support their members with good lives and a means of earning a living. When presented with such an opportunity, many youths and people willingly join these groups by taking up arms to fight against the Ã¢â¬ËenemyÃ¢â¬â¢ . Therefore, it is evident that poverty is closely linked to extremism and the proliferation of extremist groups across the w orld.Ã Secondly, marginalization and disparities between the rich and poor are a major cause of extremism. In many nations, the ruled or the population does not have a say on matters that greatly influence their welfare. This situation attracts a major disparity between the elite or the political class and the ordinary citizens. The government and other individuals who are close to power have access to the best lives possible while the ordinary citizens are left to grapple with all kinds of problems . Of great significance is the iron fist approach to leadership that some governments use with total disregard for democratic process that can allow those who are ruled to be part of the decision-making process on issues that they hold dear. At the end, the government implements unpopular decisions where any opposition is responded to with brutal force, which often violates all human rights that the citizens should enjoy. When the people are tired of such leadership styles, extremist g roups become the only way out of such marginalization and/or the only viable option towards equality . In this case, people are oppressed to become an easy target for radicalization since they easily resonate with the ideologies of the extremist groups, which promise to use all means possible to overthrow and organize a more representative government . Even though most of such ideologies and goals never become successful, they still reflect the motivation of the members of the extremist groups as far as their quest for equality is concerned. Conclusion As long as poverty and inequality dominate the society, it will be difficult for the world to rid itself of extremism and extremist groups. The ideologies of such groups are based on the desire to fight the Ã¢â¬ËenemyÃ¢â¬â¢ who has caused poverty and marginalization. While researchers have given different opinions on the causal link between poverty, marginalization, and extremism, it is evident that cases of violence and lack of p eace are majorly found in areas where poverty and marginalization prevail.Ã However, the support for poverty and disparity as major causal factors can be explained since the two issues give extremist groups a good starting point towards convincing members of the target communities into embracing their ideologies. Once the government or other actors are portrayed as the enemy and the cause of the problems that members of the society face, taking up arms is just a part of the problem since extremism takes root. Concisely, to eliminate extremism and terrorism, it is important for world governments and other players to find a way of ensuring inclusivity and equality for all people. Eliminating poverty must be a major goal for all governments. It is only after the achievement of prosperity for all people that the world will stand a chance to be at peace without extremist groups. Reference List Aftab, S. (2008). Poverty and Militancy. Conflict and Peace Studies, 1(10), 65-86. Bjorgo, T. , Horgan, J. (2009). Leaving Terrorism Behind: Individual and Collective Disengagement. New York, NY: Routledge. Chiozza, G. (2011). Winning Hearts and Minds: The Political Sociology of Popular Support for Suicide Bombings. Nashville, Tennessee: Vanderbilt University. Jones, G. (2014). A Persistent Threat: The Evolution of Al QaÃ¢â¬â¢ida and Other Salafi Jihadists. Washington, DC: RAND Corporation. Piazza, J. (2011). Poverty, Minority Economic Discrimination, and Domestic Terrorism. Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, 48(3), 339-353. Shafiq, M., Sinno, A. (2010). Education, Income and Support for Suicide Bombing; Evidence from Six Muslim Countries. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 54(1), 146-178. Tessler, M., Robbins, M. (2007). What Leads Some Ordinary Men and Women to Approve of Terrorist Acts Against the United States? Journal of Conflict Resolution, 51(2), 305-328. White, J., Halm, S. (2002). Terrorism and Homeland Security. Boston, MA: Cengage Learning. This research paper on The Rise of Extremist Groups, Disparity and Poverty was written and submitted by user Alexzander W. to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. 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